• Sadducees

    A religious group that dedicately followed the written law of the Pentateuch. They disapproved of hope of resurrection because it could not be traced back to the written word in the first five books of the Bible and was interpretation.

  • Salvation

    The restoration of all humanity and all creation by God's action in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit.
  • Scribes

    Scholars of the Torah
  • Senses of Scripture

    Different ways in which Scripture can be read often leading to different understandings of Scriptural texts.
  • Shavout

    A Jewish religious holiday marking the wheat harvest in Exodus 34 and the anniversary of the day God gave the Torah at Mt Sinai.

  • Source criticism

    Analysis that identifies the oral and written source materials of Biblical texts, especially the Gospels.
  • Synagogue

    A Jewish place of communal prayer and religious instruction.
  • Synoptic Gospels

    The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, which have similarities in content and style when 'looked at together' (from the Greek, synopsis).
  • Synoptic Problem

    The question of how to explain the similarities and differences among the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke). The most accepted view is that the Gospel of Mark was written first and that the authors of Matthew and Luke drew on it and a hypothetical collection of sayings of Jesus known as Q.